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Homework and Tips 

*See the homework calendar in your child's daily folder. 

*Practice letter, number, and sight word identification with flashcards. 

*Practice rote counting.  Our goal is 100 by the end of the year. 



 *Other Helpful Ideas*

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Kindergartner Reading Milestones

By the end of kindergarten, most children can recognize and write upper and lower case letters. They also learn the sounds associated with most of the letters of the alphabet. Most kindergartners can tell you that B says “b” and M says “m” and can incorporate letters and sounds into games they play like “The Name Game” and “I Spy.” Children typically master consonant sounds before vowel sounds because it is harder to hear the small differences among some vowel sounds.

Most kindergartners can read some words and simple books. Children in kindergarten recognize some words by sight or by looking at them and recognizing them as wholes. Kindergartners’ “sight words” often include their own names, the names of classmates, and words they use frequently in their writing, such as “Mom,” “love, ” and “the.” They also learn words they see around them, such as “STOP” and “EXIT.” Many can read “families” of words such as “cat,” “bat,” and “mat.” By the end of the year, many kindergartners are able to “read” familiar books by recognizing a few words, remembering what the story says, and looking at the picture.

Kindergartners learn that writing goes from left to right. They learn that we read to the end of a line and return to the left to read another line. They learn where a printed word begins and ends and learn the difference between a word and a letter. Many can match spoken words to the words in books. They even begin to recognize and learn the purpose of common punctuation marks such as periods and question marks. Having a solid understanding of what print is and the way it works is necessary for learning to read.

Kindergartners can understand more than just the plot of a story. They are able to extend their thinking and discuss why events happened and why characters acted as they did. They can also make reasonable predictions about what will happen next and relate the story events to events in their own lives. Being able to discuss stories they listen to now will help children make meaning later on when they are able to read independently.

Encouraging Your Kindergartner

  • Let your child read the words and offer help only when it’s needed. By the end of kindergarten, many children can read simple books containing short, common words and books that follow a predictable pattern. Most children rely heavily on pictures and their memory of the story to help them read. Young readers benefit from practice, and they take great pride in showing off their new skills to adults. As your child reads to you, you can help out and provide words if he gets stuck, but try not to step in before you are needed.  
  • Let your child "share" the reading with you. Not all children can read books independently at the end of kindergarten, but all can share reading with an adult. The child who recognizes only a few words can chime in and read those words in the text. Most can fill in a rhyming word in a shared reading. For example, if you read, "Have you ever seen a bear combing his _______?" your child will probably provide "hair" as the correct rhyme.
  • Keep reading sessions short. Reading can be hard work for kindergartners. It is a complex activity that requires a delicate orchestration of skills, including paying attention, looking carefully at print, remembering sounds of letters, and using language prediction skills. Kindergartners expend a lot of energy reading, so if your child shows signs of frustration, it is definitely time to stop.  
  • Encourage your child to track the print with a finger, pointing to each word as she says it. This habit will reinforce the idea that printed words represent spoken words and that print goes from left to right in English. You can also ask your child to find words she knows in the text or to find a word that starts with a certain beginning sound. Asking your child how she knew the word was "kitten" and not "cat," for example, will help improve her awareness of the strategies she is beginning to use in reading.
  • Don’t limit reading to books. Reading is a skill that we use regularly in our everyday lives, so encourage your child to read at times other than at book time. Having your kindergartner read street signs, look over your shopping list, follow a simple recipe with you, and read a menu with you are all ways that you can extend reading beyond books.



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Parent tips to support kindergarten math learning fun at home

Give your child plenty of opportunities to count

  • Play number games during everyday activities, such as counting the number of steps, the number of trucks you see while driving, or counting the number of items going in the laundry.
  • Read the calendar, and determine the number of days until an upcoming event.
  • Young children can count the number of items that you bought at the store. If you buy multiples of 1 item (such as 10 cans of cat food), practice counting by 2′s, 3′s, or higher numbers
  • Have your child count the change needed to pay for an item.
  • Watch your child play to understand her mathematical knowledge. When your child counts, does she touch each object once? Is his voice in sync with his tag?
  • Have your child distribute cookies or toys to family members, with each person getting an equal number

Help your child recognize shapes and size relationships

  • At the grocery store, ask your child to find items that are triangles, circles, rectangles, and other shapes.
  • Ask your child to recognize or stack the groceries you bought by container shape or organize by size.
  • Organize a scavenger hunt where your child has to find objects of different shapes
  • Make snowflakes using symmetry. Fold a square piece of paper in half diagonally to make a triangle, then fold in half 2 more times. Cut out small diamond or circular shapes from the edges, and then unfold it. Experiment with different numbers of folds and shapes.

Find ways to collect and organize information

  • Look around the house to find groups of 2 objects, like pairs of gloves or socks. Look for groups of 3′s, 4′s, and on up to 10′s.
  • Have your child help sort the laundry by various categories — by color, or by whom an item belongs to.
  • Take measurements for a project around the house.
  • Using paper of different colors, make a paper chain with paper strips and tape. Encourage your child to create patterns by repeating colors and numbers of rings in a regular order. This can be done in connection with reading the calendar and counting down days to a special event.
  • Collect objects in nature— leaves, rocks, shells and the like. When you get home, sort them by color, size, or type. How many different categories can you find? How many objects are in more than 1 category?

Help your child develop reasoning skills

  • Help your child think about the permanence of a set. Put 6 pennies in a row, and then change the arrangement. Ask “did the quantity change?”
  • Kindergartners love repetition and patterning, which fosters mathematical thinking. Clapping patterns help your child discover sequences and predict what comes next.

Some family games that use kindergarten math skills:

  • Many card games require counting and score keeping.
  • Dice games and dominos help kids learn to quickly recognize groups of dots from 2 to 12.
  • Play board games that involve counting squares, such as Chutes and Ladders.
  • Tic Tac Toe and Connect Four build recognition of rows of 3 and 4 counters.
  • Tangrams
  • Mancala

Other handy tips...

This video shows two tricks for helping children learn to grip a pencil correctly.